APDA The Asian Population and Development AssociationAPDA The Asian Population and Development Association

The 3rd Class of APDA’s Global Young Leaders Course The Current State of Health Inequality around the World on the COVID-19 Era Prof. David Smith Associate Professor of Social Policy at the University of Anglia Ruskin

28 July 2021

On 24 July, the 3rd class of the APDA's Global Young Leaders Course, planned and established by Hanna Yoon, a Strategy & Communication Consultant / General Manager of Education of APDA, was held with the aim of proposing policies at APDA Youth Forum. David Smith, Associate Professor of Social Policy at the University of Anglia Ruskin in the U.K., participated as an instructor to give a lecture on “Health Inequality”.

Lecture by Prof. David Smith

Starting with an understanding of the concept of health inequality, this class was conducted in a discussion session in which each had a sense of problem and sought solutions. In his lecture, Professor Smith introduced SDGs’ 3rd goal, “Healthy Life and Well-being”, to show the current state of the world whether a healthy life is guaranteed to everyone, helping students to think more actively about problems and come up with solutions.

First, Professor Smith directly pointed out students and conducted the class by asking and answering the definitions of well-being, gender, and culture. The difference between “Equality” and “Equity” was also explained, enabling students to respond according to their ideas, listen to different opinions, and establish more in-depth concepts on the topic. In line with the COVID-19 era, there was also time to discuss the problems of gender, race and regional inequalities and the causes of these problems.

Each group of presenters pointed out problems, citing institutional barriers as the cause of global health inequality. Therefore, the changes in political and economic policies were proposed such as tax savings, incentives and guaranteed insurance system to enhance the world’s Well-Being status as a whole, and the students suggested the programs by government to help unemployment and for welfare by reevaluating the current social system and transforming institutional poverty. Also, another policy was proposed to support health welfare by increasing the number of health care centers available to the public.

The course is conducted in real-time online classes every Saturday, all in English. Students who participate in the class will take lectures consisting of 10 experts from various fields, including women, children, health, economy, and smart agriculture, and discuss international issues. All training courses and youth forums are organized by Hanna Yoon, a founder of APDA Global Young Leaders Course.


* This article is written based on the content of the class after APDA interns attended APDA’s Global Young Leaders Course.
** Copyright of this article is in the APDA and it is prohibited from unauthorized copying without permission

Keywords: Health Inequality, Global leader, SDGs, APDA, KGM Lab. COVID-19


Writing and editing by
Intern, Young-jun Park Intern, Jun-young Park Intern, Da-seul Shin Intern, Yea-un Lee Intern, Ha-yeon Choi


Planning/General Manager
Hanna Yoon. (Ph.D. in Media and Governance) APDA Strategy and Communications Consultant/ Founder and General manager of APDA Global Young Leaders Course Director of KGM Lab Adjunct Professor at Soongsil University

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