At the national level, JPFP holds general assembly meetings and executive members’ meetings, and its committees meet according to their topics of interest. The committees invite experts to engage them in discussions on a chosen theme, in order to deepen understanding on population issues. JPFP makes policy recommendations to ministries and agencies on the importance of global population issues and supports the governmental contribution to alleviate population issues.
The Committee on International Cooperation
The Committee on International Cooperation studies the world’s population and development status and supports greater effectiveness and efficiency of Japan’s international cooperation in the field of population and development by:
- Lending support to international institutions such as UNFPA and IPPF
- Promoting the support of Official Development Assistance (ODA) in the field of population.
The Committee on Domestic Measures
The Committee on Domestic Measures examines the state of the Japanese population and considers policies for a vibrant future regarding:
- Falling birthrate and aging society
- International labor movement and migrant workers
- Support for adolescents and youth
The Committee on Gender Issues
The Committee on Gender Issues aims to achieve women’s empowerment to resolve population issues. It also cooperates with UNFPA and IPPF, as well as actively promotes information exchanges with female parliamentarians of various countries on topics pertaining to:
- Economic and social empowerment of women and gender equality
- Sexual reproductive health and rights (SRHR)
The Committee on Global Issues
The Committee on Global Issues addresses trans-border global issues that arise as a consequence of population increase and carries out activities towards the resolution of international population and development problems concerning:
- Global population trends
- Environment, food, water and energy resources
The Committee on Food Security Issues
The Committee on Food Security Issues focuses on food security, which is an integral part of population and sustainable development, and presents their views at home and abroad with regard to:
- Interrelations between population and food security issues
- Agricultural and rural development
- Income generation for small scale farmers
Activities around the World
Members of JPFP are frequent participants at international conferences on population and development. JPFP is an active participant at parliamentary meetings and study visits in Asia, Africa and Arab regions held by its Secretariat, the Asian Population and Development Association (APDA), every year and the activities of the Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD).
JPFP took a leading role at the International Conference of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (ICPPD) that met in conjunction with the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, Egypt in 1994. At this ICPPD, a forum of parliamentarians on population and development for the African and Arab regions was established as a result of the successful encouragement of JPFP.
Following up on the successful conference at Cairo, JPFP maintains its high level presence working in conjunction with the UN-sponsored conferences. An example of the outcomes was that The Hague Declaration adopted at the International Forum of Parliamentarians (IFP) on ICPD Review was explicitly reflected in the UN General Assembly resolution.
Study Visit Programmes
＠Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
JPFP sends a study mission to selected countries. The purpose is to inspect field activities of organizations such as UNFPA, IPPF, and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in order to review the progress and find disincentive to achieve population and development projects. Then JPFP often recommends to improve the effectiveness of cooperation and assistance. The study visits also contribute to the strengthening of bilateral cooperative relations and revitalization of parliamentarians’ activities through exchanges with host government officials and legislative counterparts.
Reciprocal Invitation Programmes
JPFP invites legislators from countries visited by its members through the study visit programme in order to inspect advanced health facilities and welfare institutions and to exchange views with members of JPFP. Japan was the first non-Western country to achieve demographic transition. Members of Parliament in Asia and elsewhere convey the benefits from orientating themselves with the background and history of Japan’s population policies and paradigm for development in their national programmes.