APDA new brochure has arrived!
Addressing Population and Development Issues to Attain Sustainable Development
The world as we know today is increasingly changing and interconnected and poses important challenges to global issues of energy, food, human security, poverty, and the environment. The world population is still on the rise and is projected to reach 9 billion by 2050 and surpass 10 billion by 2100. The population of Africa, with the fastest growth rate in the world, was one billion in 2011 but is expected to more than triple to 3.6 billion in 2100. On the other hand, developed countries are concerned about the issues of rapidly aging populations and fewer children.
From one end of the spectrum to the other, population issues are becoming more and more diverse, posing a range of economic and social challenges. In dealing with the increasing burdens these demographic conditions bring to our societies, a sustainable approach to how we live in dignity and in harmony with the Earth’s carrying capacity is needed, and finding solutions to stabilize populations is a vital step in this endeavor.
Asia is home to approximately 60% of the world’s population. With the conviction that “a bright future for humankind cannot be attained without achieving population stabilisation in this region”, the Asian Population and Development Association (APDA) was established on February 1, 1982 and has since been engaged in activities working towards social development, economic progress, and the enhancement of welfare and peace in the world through studying and researching population and development issues in Asia and elsewhere.
Japan, facing a rapidly declining birth rate and aging population, is pressed to carry out industrial structural reform and accelerate measures for social security. While in Japan “population issues” mainly pertain to the declining birth rate and aging population, most of the world is experiencing the continuing population increase, resulting in shortage of freshwater resources or farmland, which in some cases leads to underlying causes of conflict. In the finite nature of the earth’s resources, population stabilization is a prerequisite for living in a harmonious society and addressing our emerging concerns such as global warming and the extinction of species.
Population stabilization is achieved through the demographic transition from high fertility/mortality to low fertility/mortality. Japan was the first non-Western country to complete the demographic transition, and it was regarded as a “miracle”. Japan's achievement indicated a possibility of the same phenomenon occurring in other parts of Asia and in Africa; with this as a turning point, many Asian countries are now also experiencing a demographic transition towards slower population growth.
1 February 1982 Founded with the authorisation of the Ministry of Health and Welfare
31 March 1983 Authorised by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
16 December 2002 Designated as a “Special Public Promotion Corporation” (a tax exempt organization)
Mission and Objectives
With successful outcomes related to population and development efforts in Asia, APDA is now expected to extend its activities to include the tackling of population and development issues in Africa. In its capacity as the Secretariat of JPFP, APDA supports the activities of parliamentarian groups in Japan and abroad that are working in the field of population and development. At the same time – in close cooperation with UN agencies, parliamentarian groups throughout the world, the Japanese Government, and relevant countries and concerned bodies – APDA endeavours to address the diverse population and development issues in the world.
APDA conducts international surveys and studies on population and development issues in Japan and other Asian and African countries, and also supports the promotion of population and development programmes in Asia and Africa, such as:
▶︎ Supporting Parliamentarians’ Activities on Population and Development
▶︎ Advocacy and Education Programmes on Population and Development
▶︎ Survey Programmes